Both modules include both theoretical and practical lectures, including the analyses of several case studies with real data sets provided by the lecturers. All lectures are in English


All lectures are in English.

Functional traits, and response and effect traits: a bit of theory behind their definition and their use.
Functional traits as adaptations to abiotic and biotic conditions:
  - Niche partitioning: the importance of functional traits;

Functional diversity and redundancy: traits do matter;

  - Community assembly: trait divergence and convergence.
Functional trade-offs and the link with functional classification schemes (r-k continuum, CSR-Grime, LHS).
Standardized trait measurements and classification schemes across trophic levels:
  - What to measure and how;
  - The importance of trait plasticity.
Response and effect traits revisited:
  - Traits as indicators of ecosystem services; functional vs taxonomic diversity;
  - Traits as intermediate between environmental change and ecosystem processes;
  - The use of traits in freshwater bioassessment schemes.
Trait dissimilarity in understanding and explaining ecological processes.
Phylogenetic signals in trait distribution.
The use of biological traits in aquatic ecology:
  - Historical aspects;
  - Biomonitoring aspects;
  - Climate change perspectives.
Practicing multivariate analysis with the added library of R: towards RLQ analysis and functional diversity.
Functional diversity: assessment in the field, trait types, functional indices.
Analysis of trait information: fuzzy correspondence analysis, multitable analysis.
Trait composition and functional structure of communities.
Linking traits to habitat.